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Question 1 Understanding the change in attitude towards studying business ethics includes the understanding that corporate scandals in the recent past have largely affected _____.

Select one:

a. stockholders

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b. employees

c. directors

d. stakeholders

Question 2 The Americans with Disabilities Act is an example best describing the fact that

Select one:

a. societies valuing freedom welcome laws that require more than the ethical minimum.

b. a perspective that compliance is enough relies on a misleading understanding of law.

c. obedience to law is sufficient to fulfill one’s ethical duties.

d. laws cannot anticipate every new business dilemma that might be faced.

Question 3 Upon discovering a lost baseball glove, Joe decides to keep it, concluding that if he did not keep it, someone else would anyway. He figures, that if not the owner, at least he may benefit from it. This is an indication of a cognitive barrier arising from

Select one:

a. considering only limited alternatives.

b. an intentional ignorance.

c. satisfying a minimum decision criteria.

d. feeling comfortable with simplified decision rules.

Question 4 _____ was part of the same social movement that gave rise to modern democratic market capitalism.

Select one:

a. Utilitarianism

b. Virtue ethics

c. Deontological ethics

d. Ethical relativism

Question 5 The primary aim of ethical values is that the well-being promoted through it is not of a/an _____ and _____ nature.

Select one:

a. religious, theological

b. altruistic, familial

c. personal, selfish

d. esoteric, technological

Question 6 The utilitarian tradition has a long history of relying on _____ for deciding on the ethical legitimacy of alternative decisions.

Select one:

a. intuition

b. experience

c. variable analysis

d. social sciences

Question 7 One of the major challenges associated with ethical decision-making is better understood by realizing that decisions involve

Select one:

a. religious aspects to the process.

b. the interests of multiple stakeholders.

c. social norms beset by public expectations.

d. financial obligations.

Question 8 Which ethical framework is based on the foundations of rules and the need for them to be followed, no matter the consequences?

Select one:

a. Virtue ethics framework of ethics.

b. Social justice through fairness framework of ethics.

c. Utilitarian framework of ethics.

d. Deontological framework of ethics.

Question 9 Which among the following branches of study raises questions about justice, law, civic virtues, and political philosophy?

Select one:

a. Business studies

b. Morality

c. Descriptive ethics

d. Social ethics

Question 10 In context to the subject, Nazi Germany and apartheid in South Africa reflect that

Select one:

a. societies valuing freedom welcome laws that require more than the ethical minimum.

b. ethical responsibilities give rise to more and more regulations.

c. obedience to law is insufficient to fulfill one’s ethical duties.

d. laws cannot anticipate every new business dilemma that might be faced.

Question 11 The branch of ethics that deals with the reasoning about how one should act is called

Select one:

a. meta-ethics.

b. humanistic ethics.

c. normative ethics.

d. descriptive ethics.

Question 12 _____ set the standards or guidelines for determining what one should do, how one should act, what type of person one should be.

Select one:

a. Roles

b. Attitudes

c. Norms

d. Social ethics

Question 13 Even if it may not be the best decision made, using a simple _____ might appear to relieve one of accountability for the decision.

Select one:

a. analogy

b. decision criteria

c. manner of satisficing

d. decision rule

Question 14 Kant’s version which directs us to act according to those rules that could be universally agreed by all people forms part of the famous “Kantian _____.”

Select one:

a. hypothetical imperative

b. decisive correlations

c. categorical imperative

d. moral objectivism

Question 15 Philosophical ethics seeks foundations that all reasonable people can accept, regardless of their

Select one:

a. educational background.

b. economical background.

c. cultural background.

d. religious background.

Question 16 One helpful exercise for considering the effects of a decision on others is to

Select one:

a. conduct a private debate.

b. speak to a trusted friend.

c. shift one’s role.

d. practice everyday, what one preaches.

Question 17 In the context of satisficing, the very fact that a decision was reached by _____ can convince everyone involved that it must be the most reasonable decision.

Select one:

a. consensus

b. normative channels

c. descriptive channels

d. analysis

Question 18 Which of the following focuses on the concept of practices and what type of people these practices are creating?

Select one:

a. Virtue ethics framework of ethics.

b. Social justice through fairness framework of ethics.

c. Utilitarian framework of ethics.

d. Deontological framework of ethics.

Question 19 Specifically, in some people, a set of _____ inclines them to, without deliberation, act ethically.

Select one:

a. moralities

b. do’s and don’ts

c. codes

d. ethical habits

Question 20 At its most basic level, _____ is/ are concerned with how we act and how we live our lives.

Select one:

a. laws

b. regulations

c. values

d. ethics

Question 21 Different types of values are typically distinguished in terms of

Select one:

a. the history of its inceptions.

b. the importance associated to it by a majority.

c. the ends they serve.

d. the geographic reach and acceptance of that value.

Question 22 Consequences, justifications, principles, rights, or duties are all methods to

Select one:

a. identify the stakeholders that may be impacted by the decisions.

b. consider the various available alternatives.

c. compare and weigh alternatives.

d. identify the ethical issues involved.

Question 23 The essence of utilitarianism is

Select one:

a. to compare the consequences of alternative actions.

b. its reliance on consequences.

c. its focus on just one consequence.

d. to ignore harmful consequences.

Question 24 A person who acts in a way that is based upon a careful consideration of _____ has acted in a more ethically responsible way than a person who acts without deliberation.

Select one:

a. the ethical issues

b. all stakeholders

c. their morals

d. the facts

Question 25 The study of ethics is different from the study of psychology and sociology in that the latter fields are

Select one:

a. narrative in nature.

b. descriptive in nature.

c. quasi-experimental in nature.

d. developmental in nature.

Question 26 Individual codes of conduct regarding how one should live, how one should act, what one should do, what kind of a person should one be, etc. is sometimes referred to as:

Select one:

a. morality.

b. independence.

c. leadership.

d. rational motives.

Question 27 What according to the authors will prove best for optimally satisfying the various interests in the two approaches to utilitarianism?

Select one:

a. Market-based solutions

b. Consumer-supplier partnerships

c. Deontological practices

d. Strict governmental regulations

Question 28 Monitoring one’s actions accordingly when faced with similar challenges in the future, and to evaluate the implications of one’s decisions are all an ongoing part of

Select one:

a. comparing and weighing alternatives based on consequences.

b. monitoring and learning from the outcomes of the decisions.

c. comparing and weighing alternatives based implications for personal integrity.

d. identifying stakeholders and the effect of the decision on them.

Question 29 Philosophical ethics argues that a key test of _____ is whether or not a decision would be acceptable from the point of view of all parts involved.

Select one:

a. ethical legitimacy

b. responsibility

c. morality

d. normative studies

Question 30 Which among the following provides a strong support for democratic institutions and policies?

Select one:

a. Utilitarianism

b. Virtue ethics

c. Deontological ethics

d. Social justice

Question 31 The study of various character traits that can contribute to, or obstruct, a happy and meaningful human life is part of

Select one:

a. philosophical ethics.

b. virtue ethics.

c. deontological ethics.

d. utilitarianism.

Question 32 Which among the following can result in a scenario where the number of regulated areas becomes improbable and unmanageable?

Select one:

a. Telling businesses that its ethical responsibilities end with obedience to law.

b. Assuming that law can anticipate every new dilemma that businesses might face.

c. Maintaining that obedience to law is sufficient to fulfill one’s ethical duties.

d. Assuming that freedom valuing societies welcome laws requiring more than just an ethical minimum.

Question 33 The ability of losing sight of the ethical aspects while involved in the financial aspect of decisions is called

Select one:

a. moral imagination.

b. descriptive ignorance.

c. morality lapse.

d. normative myopia.

Question 34 A manager honoring a commitment, although resulting in unfavorable consequences, is highlighting the difficulties associated with which type of ethical framework?

Select one:

a. Virtue ethics framework of ethics.

b. Utilitarian framework of ethics.

c. Social justice through fairness framework of ethics.

d. Deontological framework of ethics.

Question 35 Many businesses looking to hire graduates expect an impetus on teaching not just information and knowledge about ethics, but also:

Select one:

a. ethical behavior.

b. to train others at the workplace.

c. intervention in case of unethical practices.

d. humanitarian, political and psychological perspectives.

Question 36 This signifies the fact that no group could function if members were free at all times to decide for themselves what to do and how to act.

Select one:

a. Ethical standards

b. Social contract

c. Social mores

d. Personal norms

Question 37 Identify the step that precedes monitoring the outcome in making an ethically responsible decision.

Select one:

a. Identifying the ethical issues involved

b. Comparing and weighing the alternatives based on consequences

c. Making a decision

d. Considering how the decision affects stakeholders involved

Question 38 One sector of economists that view profit maximization as a central idea to corporate social responsibility are following the

Select one:

a. social justice through fairness framework of ethics.

b. deontological framework of ethics.

c. utilitarian framework of ethics.

d. virtue-based framework of ethics.

Question 39 Which among the following frameworks of ethics becomes less practical with an increase in the number of people, animals, etc that could be affected by decisions made?

Select one:

a. Virtue ethics framework of ethics.

b. Utilitarian framework of ethics.

c. Social justice through fairness framework of ethics.

d. Deontological framework of ethics.

Question 40Identify, among the following, one that is not a cognitive barrier to responsible, ethical decision-making.

Select one:

a. An ignorance that is willful and intentional

b. Considering limited alternatives

c. Not following simplified decision rules

d. Satisficing

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