Phi 208 Week 2 Quiz All Correct
Are your assignments troubling you?
Get your troublesome papers finished by our competent writers now!Hire A Writer Now
Special offer! Get 20% discount on your first order. Promo code: SAVE20
Question 1. 1. According to the video Meet Your Meat, which of the following is not
true of how animals are slaughtered on factory farms (Points : 1)
They are driven in extreme weather conditions without food or water
They are often still conscious while being slaughtered
They are often roughly handled and severely injured by the time they make it to slaughter
They are ensured every means of avoiding fear and stress during the slaughtering process.
Question 2. 2. What does Tom Regan say about the cruelty/kindness approach to animal ethics? (Points : 1)
The best way to explain animal ethics is in terms of our obligation to be kind and not cruel to animals
It is inadequate because it is possible to do wrong while being kind, and it is possible to do wrong without being deliberately cruel
It has no relevance to animal ethics because animals are cruel to each other
You have to be cruel to be kind, in the right measure
Question 3. 3. What moral theory does Jeremy Bentham (with whom Singer seems to agree) endorse? (Points : 1)
Social Contract Theory
Question 4. 4. What, according to Tom Regan, is the contractarian approach to ethics? (Points : 1)
The view that individuals have rights because of a set of rules that they agree to follow, as with agreeing to the terms of a contract
The view that all animals have rights because of the agreements that we have made (or should make) with them
The view that what is morally relevant is the pain and suffering that an animal endures when we mistreat it
The view that all humans have equal rights independent of particular abilities
Question 5. 5. Which of the following does not describe the ways that chickens and turkeys are treated on factory farms, according to the video Meet Your Meat (Points : 1)
They are raised in their own excrement among corpses of other birds
Some are so crippled from unnatural growth that they are unable to move
They are given ample space to roam and to express their own natural behavior.
They are often beaten with metal rods, which is considered legal by the industry
Question 6. 6. What is Tom Regans position about the use of animals in research and agriculture? (Points : 1)
Animals should be used whenever it can be proven that the human benefits outweigh the harms caused to the animals
Animals should never be used for medical research or commercial agriculture
Animals should only be used for medical research shown to be beneficial to humanity, never for agriculture
Animals should be used in both medical research and agriculture but should be treated as humanely as possible
Question 7. 7. Utilitarianism is a form of what broader kind of ethical theory? (Points : 1)
Question 8. 8. How do we determine the difference between higher and lower pleasures, according to Mill? (Points : 1)
The relative duration and intensity.
The preference of those who are acquainted with both.
The amount of happiness they produce on average.
We cant, since there is no difference between pleasures.
Question 9. 9. According to Jeremy Bentham (as described by Singer) what should determine whether a beings interests should be taken into account? (Points : 1)
Whether they have the faculty of discourse
Whether they can reason
Whether they can suffer
Whether they are capable of love
Question 10. 10. What does Singer say about finding the basis for moral duties in the intrinsic dignity of humanity? (Points : 1)
That God ordained humanity to be the top of the great chain of being
That mankind is the most important species because it is the most intelligent
That dolphins have actually been shown to be more intelligent than humans in many respects
That such fine phrases are a last resort for philosophers who cannot find a distinction that gives humans worth while denying it to all other species
Question 11. 11. Which of the following does not describe how egg-laying hens are treated in factory farms? (Points : 1)
They are allowed to scratch through dirt and grass looking for seeds and bugs in the fresh open air.
They are kept in such tight confinement that they cannot lift their wings
They are starved into a period of forced molting
They have their beaks painfully seared off
Question 12. 12. Which of the following statements is the strongest evidence that the person saying it is a utilitarian? (Points : 1)
Ginny: Violations of rights are very serious, from the moral point of view.
Helen: I agree. It is always immoral to violate someone’s rights.
Ginny: Well, I wouldnt say always. Its o.k. to violate rights whenever the good you can produce by doing so outweighs the harm you do by violating the persons rights.
Kate: I disagree with both of you. The notion of rights is just a mechanism for the lesser members of society to maintain control over those capable of greatness.
Question 13. 13. What is Peter Singers point about performing vivisection on mentally disabled human infants? (Points : 1)
That if we say that it would be wrong to perform experiments on such humans but not on non-humans then we are showing bias based upon species alone
That a good speciesist would not perform experiments on any being
That we should test upon mentally disabled human infants because the results would be more reliable than tests on animals
That anyone who would consider testing on a human infant is a monster
Question 14. 14. Which of the following does not happen in the Meet Your Meat to animals with diseases or injuries on modern factory farms: (Points : 1)
The meat is allowed to be USDA pure
They are killed for growing too slowly
They are generally given immediate veterinary attention
They are taken to slaughter anyway
Question 15. 15. Peter Singers basic principles of equality applied to animals means: (Points : 1)
Animals should be given all the same rights as human beings.
Animals are not entitled to not all the same rights but to an equal consideration of interests.
Animals should not be given the same moral consideration because they are do not have the same power to reason as humans.
Animals do not have rights unless they can demonstrate the same abilities as humans.
Question 16. 16. What is Tom Regans main criticism of the contractarian approach to ethical duties? (Points : 1)
It works fine for humans without problems, but it has not yet been applied to animals
It ignores the importance of pain and suffering when it comes to ethics
It would allow all kinds of human injustice if a stronger group is able to oppress the members of a weaker group of people
He does not criticize it; he things that contractarianism, if properly understood, represents the most rational approach to ethical problems
Question 17. 17. What is speciesism? (Points : 1)
The view that all animals should be treated equally regardless of their abilities
The view that endangered species have the right to exist
Allowing the interests of ones own species to override the greater interests of members of other species
Protecting endangered species from extinction regardless of economic costs
Question 18. 18. According to Mill, utilitarian morality holds that: (Points : 1)
If each individual strives to maximize their own happiness, the happiness of all will follow.
Each individual is required to sacrifice their own individual happiness for the happiness of all.
With the right social arrangements and education, individuals can come to associate their own individual happiness with the happiness of all.
Neither the happiness of the individual nor the happiness of all is worth pursuing, since neither is attainable in this life.
Question 19. 19. What does Singer say about other philosophers attempts to argue that only humans have moral worth? (Points : 1)
That they give a good way to determine who has rights in a way that includes all humans and no animals
That they all say that animals should have rights too
That they come up with unjustified methods to include all humans while excluding all animals from moral consideration
That animals do not have rights because they are not as smart as humans are
Question 20. 20. What happens to the offspring of dairy cows, according to the video Meet Your Meat? (Points : 1)
They are taken away at a young age
They stay with their mothers until a healthy age
They are placed in animal sanctuaries
They go to pasture to become breeders