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The main causes and reasons why abortion is common among African Americans in US and how it affect their lives

 

Abstract

This paper provides reliable information relating to abortion among African Americans in US. Abortion is a major sociological issue that has been affecting most parents psychologically, mentally and culturally. It is also a sociological issue since it entails termination of life through medical processes that include the use of pills and contraceptives by women. The fact that the practice involves killing of innocent babies has made the matter a huge topic of debate between stakeholders some of whom register their displeasure citing that it possess areal dent into the societal moral fabric. As noted the main factors that fuels the practice of abortion among the African Americans where the registered cases are over 42% include gender stereotyping, racism, discrimination based on color, status, and ethnicity.

Other factors include economic challenges, limited access to quality Medicare, foodstuffs, and good job opportunities as compared to the white counterparts. The paper also covers the key reasons why the practice is becoming common among the blacks. The first highlighted reason is the fear of prolonged suffering of the babies by their parents. The parents feel that there is no need to give birth to child to face the unfairness they are enduring. Similarly, the availability of contraceptives and legality of the process has been justifying the practice among many black women. Similarly, the blacks perform abortion to satisfy the need to avert shame and negative stereotyping.

Introduction

African Americans are a group of US citizens whose sociological development has faced immense challenges from the ancient days. The individuals have faced uncountable acts of oppression that initially were meant to bar them from experiencing similar benefits as whites. They have been receiving physical abuses, rape, subjected to brutal slavery, inhuman practices, and exposed to social inequalities. Particularly, they were denied the opportunity to use some of the basic social amenities such as schools, hospitals, transportation systems among others that the whites were using. The noble act of sharing the available resources did not apply in the society at the time to date despite the existence of some progress. They were also denied access to quality Medicare, education, favorable transportation modes, and good type of foodstuffs. The growing list of inequalities degenerated into a full-blown problem of abortion that the nation currently grapples with. Most African Americans are practicing abortion at a high rate to avert giving birth to more souls who will suffer.

Abortion is asocial issue whose practice is increasing causing mixed reactions among the US citizens. The practice is gaining prominence among many families and single women in the nations as indicated in the latest statistics. The statistics by Button (2014) indicate that the rate of abortion has grown by over 45% for the period up to the year 2014. This means that many lives of young innocent babies are lost daily in the developed nation. The los of the innocent lives is utterly painful as life is regarded as a sacred thing that comes into being immediately after conception or intimacy. No one is under obligation to terminate life without clear reasons according to natural law. The law demands and obligates every parent especially women to take care of the young babies upon conception. The babies are to be accorded the requisite support and materialistic needs while in the womb until delivery. However, the shocking man made laws that offer greenlight for abortion have changed the natural law.

The changes in the laws allowing or legalizing abortion has made nations such as US to record high cases of abortion (Button, 2014). The changes have presented far-reaching consequences to the moral fabric of the society in the nation and other settings. This has occurred given that abortion has been regarded as amoral and a social issue for along time in diverse societies. Most societies regard it as killing, killing is against the law, and human rights that must be protected (Hill, 2005). Since, the legalization of abortion in US, statistics indicates an increasing rate of abortion cases among African Americans. It is reported that many child killings occur among African Americans as compared to the Hispanics and Americans. The worrying trend is attributable to numerous reasons that include racism, lack of access to quality Medicare, discrimination based on color, and low-income levels.

African Americans are resorting to abortion as a viable option due to the complexities and challenges they are likely to face before, during and after delivery. They are skeptical about the discriminations they are subjected to and the low financial capacity that cannot allow them to provide for their babies. This is why the abortion rate among African Americans .has reached a higher level of four times that of the whites and Hispanic children (Hill, 2005). That is for every one white child dying, four blacks are killed. Church leaders and other individuals condemn the trend of death with the strongest terms possible. They hold that people should not focus their energy in .aborting innocent lives. They equate the high rate of abortion among African Americans as a “black genocide” that should be managed. This paper discusses the major causes and reasons why abortion is common among African Americans including the effects.

Theoretical concepts

Definitions

Abortion is defined as a medical process of terminating life of young babies through artificial methodologies that include the use of pills, contraceptives among others. It is away of depriving the unborn their right as provided for by the natural law. Religion condemns abortion in most settings and they regard it as killing. They hold that there is no categorical difference between killing and abortion as they entail termination of a life. Likewise, it is defined as a medical process that women use to end unintended pregnancies.

Theoretical viewpoints on abortion

The theoretical concepts covered in this section entails the major causes of abortion, reasons for its rapid spread and existence and mitigation approaches.

According to Prisock (2007), abortion cases are increasingly becoming common in our societies. This is based on the high number of deaths that are reported of the unborn babies using the unethical methodologies. In US, abortion is not a new thing as its practice is widely embraced. This occurs especially among the African Americans where the cases are high as compared to those among other groups of people. In 2012, New York State alone recorded a worrying trend of abortion especially among the African Americans (Chapman, 2014). The report provided by the New York department of health and mental hygiene indicate that more than 42.4% of child deaths were as a result of abortion and they were among the African Americans. Over 31,328 more black babies died in the state during the period as opposed to 24,758 babies who were born (Chapman, 2014). This acute disparity shows how serious and complex the issue of abortion is among the African Americans. They terminate the lives of the young babies easily as compared to the whites and Hispanics who also reside in the nation. Another statistics indicates that the rate or ratio of abortion between African Americans and other groups of people in the nation stands at 4:1. The killing of the babies is not encouraging at every cost to most individuals due to the significance of life. This has elicited mixed reactions from the public and various stakeholders who think that there is need for the review of abortion law (Brandon & Grimes, 2014). They propose for is streamlining to ensure that the rights of the babies are protected optimally. Health organizations such as CDC international are working towards ensuring effective regulation of abortion in our societies.

Why abortion exists

There are numerous factors and reasons that are deemed to be the major catalyst of abortion in most nations and among women. The factors are associated with social issues economic challenges, culture and health complications. Women cite that they do not execute abortion out of pleasure or they do not find joy in abortion but it is a solution of a last resort. They indicate that they are forced by the prevailing environmental conditions that seems hostile to their survival to execute abortion. In US African American, women who register higher rates of abortion indicate that they are forced to kill their babies to cope in the society sociologically (Brandon & Grimes, 2014). The women hold that they abort babies because of the immense stereotyping they face in the nation. The African American women are highly stereotyped in the nation based on color; race and they are deemed as inferior beings. The stereotyping affects their self-esteem and ego that in turn limits their productivity levels. Such kind of experiences is what makes women to abort, as they would not want their children to face similar stereotyping cases.

The women affirms that the rate of stereotyping is real and presents severer effects on human progress that they are not prepared to bring other people to suffer in the a similar way. The other reason why abortion cases are high among African Americans is the economic incapacitation (Rousseau, 2009). The women lack adequate resources that can enable them to raise their babies effectively as compared to the white women. They have low end jobs that pays little salaries hence cannot manage to sustain the provision of the growing needs of children. The financial inadequacy makes them resort to abortion as way of averting the burden of a child upkeep. As noted by Rousseau (2009) the economic disparity in the nation between whites, Hispanics and African Americans is real since the whites are given well-paying jobs as opposed to the blacks.

The impartial access to good jobs depicts the height of discrimination in the nation and the long-suffering that the blacks have had to put up with over the years. The financial insufficiency the blacks are facing is affecting the quality of their lives in general as compared to the whites (Chapman, 2014). This is because they cannot afford certain basic needs that contribute to good health. They cannot afford good meals or balanced meals daily, pay for quality Medicare, access-performing schools, and interact extensively. Lack of money does not allow them to achieve these desires thereby reducing their chances of holistic growth. Racism remains a major factor that contributes to the numerous number of abortions executed in the US. In fact, abortion is branded as a racist issue whose eradication will require elimination of discrimination of any form (Hewitt, 2005). The negative perception of a black child in terms of what he can do, achieve and relevance in the society has been a discouraging issue. Blacks feel sidelined based on such perceptions and worthless that affects their personality development. This makes them feel less important in the society and opt not to allow newborns to experience similar atrocities. The level of inequalities witnessed is not healthy for meaningful development of the society socially and culturally (Hewitt, 2005). It cannot foster effective social integration and cultural practices based on mutual ideals as anticipated.

Discrimination cases with regard to age, gender, status in the society, ethnicity, and social stratification also contributes to the high number of abortion cases witnessed among African Americans. The group of individuals cannot have peace of mind because of the increased discriminatory cases that denies them the opportunity to live like other citizens. Their activities are limited as they lack decision-making privileges on national matters including access to good healthcare plans. Despite the advancements being recorded in terms of the realization of equality, more needs to be done as some blacks are still facing serious discriminatory challenges (Raingruber, 2014). The availability of the contraceptives and pressure from various medical staff such as doctors on blacks to abort creates a threat to the blacks’ society. The availability of contraceptives and reproductive health care plans provides women with safer ways of aborting. The approaches make them less worried about the process as they know that their safety would not be direly compromised. As noted by other women, some doctors are the ones pilling pressure on black women to abort in the name of reducing the family size or family planning.

Similarities of the causes of abortion and why it exist

Indeed, the presented facts depict acute similarities between the causes of abortion and its existence among African Americans. Firstly, it is recognizable that the increasing cases of abortion in the US are denting the social fabric of the state and its people. The brutal termination of the lives describes the level of insensitivity about the precious nature of human life and the extent to which moral values are not upheld. Raingruber (2014) indicates that abortion thrives because of ignorance, apathy, and confusion that should be addressed. The practice is based on manageable issues that the society should embark on addressing since there is capacity for such a move. It is not prudent to loose lives especially for the innocent children because of sociological issues that has solutions. Stakeholders should come together, work towards eradicating discrimination, and develop policies that hold the capacity of enhancing equality in all aspects. The realization of equality is necessary for social integration in the nation where blacks have been on the receiving end hence contribute to mind change on the issue of abortion (Raingruber, 2014). Ideally, the government should find it necessary to cover everyone with a comprehensive health cover regardless of race, color, and social status. They should roll out the started plan and sustain it to give hope to the poor citizens including blacks who are always concerned about the welfare of their babies after birth. The government should also sensitize people on the dangers of abortion and prohibit it through an effective legislation.

Conclusion

It is prudent to conclude that abortion has been a major issue that affects African Americans sociologically. The individuals are also disturbed psychologically, mentally and economically when the babies are killed. This is expressed by the looks in their bodies. Many black women are practicing abortion with the justification that they do not want their babies to share in the long-suffering and discriminatory acts. They cite that the common cases of unethical profiling, stereotyping of blacks along racial strata’s presents social development challenges that children should not undergo. The challenges they face are painful and impede their wellbeing including advancement economically as other groups of people in the nation.

Clearly, abortion cases are common among the major communities in the US. However, the cases are highly reported among the African Americans who attribute the practice to diverse challenges that they face. Empirical studies indicate that the main causes of abortion among the blacks are high profile racism, discriminatory access or provision of quality education, health care services and wel paying jobs. Many blacks are economically disadvantaged as compared to the whites and Hispanics hence feel overburdened to bare children. The blacks also fear negative stereotyping that dents their self-esteem and ego that in turn affects their productivity levels. The rising cases of abortion are a social issue as they results to premature death of innocent babies that is against the natural law provisions. It also affects the wellbeing of the blacks as it results into panic, fear, and constant mind disturbance. No one can lead a stable life when facing issues that deprive dignity and respect for humanity.

Although, initiatives are being put in place to improve the prevailing situation by the current administration in terms of enhancing equality levels, more needs to be done to correct the societal imbalance. The cases of racism and feelings of discrimination should be corrected to enable blacks have a reason for keeping babies. With the enhancement of equality in every sector where all citizens are able to access basic amenities without any form of discrimination, the cases of abortion that destroys the social fabric of the blacks will seize or reduce significantly.

References

Button, Z. (2014). Abortion’s Racial Gap. Retrieved from, http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/09/abortions-racial-gap/380251/

Chapman, M. (2014). NYC: More Black Babies Killed by Abortion Than Born. Retrieved from, http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/michael-w-chapman/nyc-more-black-babies-killed-abortion-born

Hill, S. A. (2005). Black intimacies: A gender perspective on families and relationships. Walnut Creek, CA [u.a.: AltaMira Press.

Prisock, L. (2007). Uneasy Alliance: The Participation of African Americans in Conservative … Massachusetts: University of Massachusetts Amherst. Sociology

Brandon, L. & Grimes, D. (2014). Every Third Woman in America: How Legal Abortion Transformed Our Nation. London: Lulu.com

Rousseau, N. (2009). Black woman’s burden: Commodifying black reproduction. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Newman, B. M., & Newman, P. R. (2012). Development through life: A psychosocial approach. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Hewitt, N. A. (2005). A companion to American women’s history. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Pub.

Raingruber, B. (2014). Contemporary health promotion in nursing practice. Burlington, Mass, Jones & Bartlett Learning.

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