Answers Following Questions 402

Published by James Muriuki on

1. Which of the following does your textbook recommend as a way to deal with nervousness in your speeches?
Visualize yourself giving a successful speech.
Concentrate on communicating with the audience, rather than on your nerves.
Choose a topic you care about and prepare thoroughly for the speech.
all of the above 

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2. According to your textbook, rather than trying to eliminate every trace of stage fright, you should aim at transforming it into
general anxiety.
visualized adrenaline.
professional stage fright.
positive nervousness.
confident apprehension.

3. When your textbook describes public speaking as a form of empowerment, it means that public speaking is
a way to manipulate people.
a way to make a difference in something we care about.
a way to make everyone see things through our frame of reference.
a way to demonstrate how clever we are.
a way to make bad ideas seem good.

1. To avoid plagiarism when using information from an Internet document in your speech, your textbook recommends that you keep a record of
the title of the document.
the author or organization responsible for the document.
the date on which you accessed the document.
a and b only.

2. The _____ is a one-sentence statement that sums up or encapsulates the major ideas of a speech.
specific purpose
central idea
general purpose

3. Audience-centeredness means that public speaker should
keep the audience foremost in mind throughout the speechmaking process.
use any means necessary to gain the assent of the audience.
avoid choosing topics that are controversial.
all of the above

1. As explained in your textbook, the three main parts of a speech are called
the opening, the center, and the end.
the introduction, the body, and the conclusion.
the attention-getter, the main section, and the ending.
the preview, the main points, and the close.
the beginning, the core, and the conclusion

2. A carefully prepared and rehearsed speech that is presented from a brief set of notes is called a(n) ________speech.

3. According to your textbook, a common mistake students make when developing their first speech is
using PowerPoint improperly.
trying to cover too much material.
not doing enough library research.
a and c only.

1. Paul began his speech as follows:
They called Lou Gehrig the iron horse. The tireless worker played an astounding 2,130 consecutive baseball games even though he suffered 17 hand fractures during those years. This would be like one of us never missing a day of school for over 13 years. Can you imagine completing kindergarten through your senior year with perfect attendance? Never taking a sick day, never a college visit day, or even senior skip day. And, to match Gehrig, you would also have to end your school career with an A average.
What method for gaining attention and interest did Paul use?
revealing the general purpose
relating the topic to the audience
previewing the body of the speech
stating the importance of the topic.
summarizing the central idea

2. Malcolm said “um” or “uh” every time he got to a new PowerPoint slide in his informative speech. His instructor told Malcolm to reduce the number of _________ in his next speech.
vocal inflections
vocalized pauses

3. As explained in your textbook, the major functions of a speech conclusion are to
signal the end of the speech and thank the audience for attending.
reinforce the central idea and establish the speaker’s credibility.
thank the audience for attending and apologize for any mistakes in the speech.
signal the end of the speech and reinforce the speaker’s central idea.
repeat the preview statement and review the speaker’s visual aids.


1. In a preparation outline, main points should be
positioned farthest to the left.
indicated by Arabic numerals.
written in key words to jog the memory.
listed after sub-points.
stated as questions.

2. Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking?
a teacher praising parents for contributing to the school carnival
a teacher arguing that phonics is a successful method for teaching reading
a teacher explaining the requirements for an assignment
all of the above

3. Communication based on a speaker’s body and voice, rather than on the use of words, is called
implicit communication
non-verbal communication
unintentional communication
instinctive communication

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