What is a political revolution?
What is a political revolution?
A political revolution is a fundamental change in power and governance that results from groups of people protesting to remove an established government. Revolutions are caused by many factors: unemployment, population growth rate, famine, lack of water and poor sanitation, etc. These factors can lead to poverty, creating tensions between social classes and ethnic groups. Political revolutions are not typically violent but aim to achieve power peacefully. Order case study writing service to get the full length of the Political revolution.
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Characteristics of political revolution
1. Revolutions are wars against the ruling class or the government: The government is no longer seen as the people’s representative. The people see the government as their enemy and want to remove it from power. This can lead to civil war because the upper classes are usually wealthy and carry lots of guns, resources, and military weapons.
2. Revolutions aim to gain power rather than take power: The desire for power can come from all social classes, races, religions, and political ideologies. Revolution also bring about industrial revolution.
3. Revolutions create a new government: The people who started the revolution make up the new government because of their personal goals that help the common people and not themselves.
4. The people start revolutions: They are frustrated with their social situation and peacefully organize to remove the ruling class. This can take many years or months, depending on how quickly a government falls into power.
Examples of political revolution
1. The American Revolution: 1775-1783
The American Revolutionary War was a series of battles fought between Great Britain and the thirteen British colonies. Though the fighting and killing continued for several years, it became known as the American Revolution. It started over taxation without representation and the lack of power to people against the ruling class. The revolution was led by a group called Patriots, who rebelled against their own government.
2. The French Revolution
The French Revolution was a period of radical social and political upheaval in 18th-century France. It is associated with the rise of the bourgeoisie and the overthrow of the monarchy and aristocracy. The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, saw Parisian suburbs engulfed in riots, and ended with Napoleon taking over power.
3. Russian Revolution
The Russian Revolution (1917) was a political revolution that created the world’s first socialist state. The Revolution began in February 1917, during a period of military setbacks for Russia, in the form of the short-lived Russian Provisional Government. It ended with the Bolsheviks taking control of most of Russia and establishing the Russian Soviet Republic (commonly known as the “Russian Republic”). The two main factions competing were the moderate Provisional Government and the radical Bolsheviks.
4. Chinese Communist Revolution of 1949
The Chinese Communist Revolution was an anti-imperialist, anti-feudal, and anti-bourgeois social revolution in rural areas of the Republic of China (commonly known as “Mainland China”) that led to the establishment of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in 1949. It was the second great revolution in China, the first being the 1911 Xinhai Revolution that ended over 2,000 years of imperial rule.
Motivating factor to start a political revolution
1. Election of a new ruler
Sometimes, the people see the current ruler as a threat to their rights, privileges, and their way of life. The people will start a revolution to remove them from power. The new ruler will be better than the old because he or she will be elected by the people and not given a position because they are part of an upper class.
2. Unbalanced social classes
If an overwhelming majority of one social class holds all power, it creates friction in government with other social classes. The people could feel trapped, and so they began a revolution.
3. Environmental issues
With the right catalysts, the common people can start a political revolution, not the ruling class. For example, suppose the ruling class is responsible for environmental issues and has no way to protect them or solve them. In that case, it could push some people towards a revolution.
How to build a political revolution
You can have a political revolution if you have the right conditions in place, such as:
• You have a small ruling class.
• The population is educated.
• You have access to the media, such as TV and newspapers.
• You have the resources to start a revolution, such as money, people with guns and military equipment, and access to firearms.
How was the American revolution political
The American Revolution was a political revolution because the people declared their independence from Britain and its King George III. They believed they could rule themselves and be self-sustaining.
How was the French revolution political?
The people of France thought they were being ruled unjustly by King Louis XVI. They wanted to overthrow him, free all slaves, and establish a new system of governance.
How was the Russian revolution political?
The Russian Revolution was a political revolution because it aimed to take power from the ruling class and give it to the common people. The revolution was successful because the ruling class fell from power.
How the political revolution changed the world
With the fall of the old governments, a new governing regime was established. This meant that the people were ruled by their new government, not another country. It also meant that the people governed themselves instead of being ruled by someone else.
• The formation of new social classes: With a government in place, new social classes will fight over who will decide who rules over them and their resources. This can lead to social unrest and political unrest.
• New social inequalities: With a political revolution, the people are given more rights and opportunities. However, this is not the case for everyone. Those in the lower class section of society can feel suppressed or helpless.
• The rise of new ruling entities: The chaos caused by a political revolution can lead to a new ruling entity rising to power and taking control over the country. This new entity can be another group of people or a dictator who rules over the people with an iron fist.