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This sample poverty research paper features an outline, 1200+ words, APA in-text citations and a list of credible references. If you would like to write a high quality research paper, ideas from this sample will give you a head start and the much needed inspiration.

Poverty in America Outline

Introduction

Thesis

Over the years, the US has embraced different approaches with an aim of reducing poverty in the nation and the efforts have been successful.

Body Paragraphs

Current Poverty Rate

  1. According to the latest US Census Bureau estimates on poverty, America’s poverty rate stands at 12.7% where approximately 43.1 Americans are living in abject poverty.
    1. Usually, in undertaking this studies on poverty, the researchers send a survey to households to ensure that homeless people are not included.
    2. The sample also excludes incarcerated individuals, and military personnel who do not live with at least one civilian adult.
  2. The poverty levels of the US and the income relative to the Federal Poverty Level fluctuate annually.
    1. In a 2016 survey, the Census Bureau reported that at least 18.5 million Americans were living in deep poverty.
    2. That is, they were surviving with a household income of below 50% of the poverty threshold.
    3. The individuals represented approximately 5.8% of all Americans and 45.6% of the individuals living in poverty.

The role of Government

  1. It is the role of government to fight poverty in any nation.
    1. The government works in connection with private organizations to fight poverty and other ills in the society.
    2. The fight against poverty and the role of government and private sector are embodied in three major paradigms
    3. One, enhancing the business condition by supporting macroeconomic adjustment and procedural, administrative, and lawful changes.
    4. Two, rebuilding general societal division by diverting open spending, and urging the private area to contend in the conveyance of financing of administrations.
    5. Three, transforming the budgetary segment by supporting the improvement of effective money related frameworks that prepare investment funds and channel them to the most profitable uses.

Strategies used in fighting poverty in the US

  1. The US has been at the forefront in the fight against poverty.
    1. In 1964, President Lyndon Johnson issued a declaration on the war against poverty.
    2. During Obama’s administration, three weeks after he got into office, he signed a law that offered $100 billion to fund education.
    3. Obama renewed and rebuilt the concept of the American Dream by arguing that everyone, no matter who they are, deserve a chance to succeed.
    4. In the 2016 presidential campaigns, Donald Trump promised that he would work tirelessly to ensure that the rights of American workers are protected.
    5. The Obama administration fought against poverty through pushing the Recovery Act.
    6. For individuals that heavily depend on salaries and wages, the Federal tipped minimum wage of $2.13 per hour, especially women and people of color, whose struggle has been harder.
    7. Obama raised the minimum wage to $10.10 for all Federal contractors who work at poverty-level wages.
    8. Offering social support services through things such as food stamps, unemployment benefits, social security, and earned income tax credits.

Conclusion

Over the years, the US has embraced different approaches with an aim of reducing poverty in the nation and the efforts have been successful. The fights against poverty began with President Lyndon Johnson who declared a war against poverty. Later, other presidents that followed have used policies such as quality education for all, pushing for the Recovery Act, creating jobs and offering social support services.

Research paper on poverty

Poverty is a common phenomenon in many countries. The most affected states are the developing countries, but that does not mean that developed nations have eliminated poverty entirely. Every government must increase the living standards of its people with the aim of bridging the gap that exists between the rich and the poor. Different parameters measure the poverty level of a nation as will be discussed in this paper, but the most common and one that the US embraces is the use of the ‘poverty threshold.’ Over the years, the US has adopted different approaches with the aim of reducing poverty in the nation and the efforts have been successful.

Current Poverty Rate

According to the latest US Census Bureau estimates on poverty, America’s poverty rate stands at 12.7% where approximately 43.1 Americans are living in abject poverty (Macartney, Bishaw, & Fontenot, 2015).  Usually, in undertaking this studies on poverty, the researchers send a survey to households to ensure that homeless people are not included. The sample also excludes incarcerated individuals and military personnel who do not live with at least one civilian adult.

The poverty levels of the US and the income relative to the Federal Poverty Level fluctuate annually. In a 2016 survey, the Census Bureau reported that at least 18.5 million Americans were living in deep poverty (Kneebone, & Holmes, 2016). That is, they were surviving with a household income of below 50% of the poverty threshold. The individuals represented approximately 5.8% of all Americans and 45.6% of the individuals living in poverty.

The role of Government

It is the role of government to fight poverty in any nation. The government works in connection with private organizations to fight poverty and other ills in the society. The fight against poverty and the role of government and private sector are embodied in three significant paradigms as outlined by Karnani, (2016). One, enhancing the business condition by supporting macroeconomic adjustment and procedural, administrative, and lawful changes. Two, rebuilding general societal division by diverting open spending, and urging the private area to contend in the conveyance of financing of administrations. Three, transforming the budgetary segment by supporting the improvement of favourable money-related frameworks that prepare investment funds and channel them to the most profitable uses.

Employed Strategies to Fight Poverty

The US has been at the forefront in the fight against poverty. In 1964, President Lyndon Johnson issued a declaration on the war against poverty. At the time, the US had not instituted approaches aimed at eradicating poverty other than public education. However, President Johnson put in place several programs that would fight poverty or avoid it. Since Americans do not love offering money to non-disabled individuals, the struggle for the American government has been to provide enough cash and other benefits to the poor to ensure that they attain self-sufficiency and get a foot on the ladder to success.

There exist a positive correlation between poverty and lack of quality education. During Obama’s administration, three weeks after he got into office, he signed a law that offered $100 billion to fund education (McGuinn, 2016). Although most of the money went to helping low-income and special needs learners, a considerable part of it also went into instituting educational reforms. In his administration, Obama renewed and rebuilt the concept of the American Dream by arguing that everyone, no matter who they are, deserve a chance to succeed. The funding of the public school system was one way which he aimed at fulfilling the promise and the dreams of many American children.

A lack of employment opportunities is a huge problem for poor Americans. In the 2016 presidential campaigns, Donald Trump promised that he would work tirelessly to ensure that the rights of American workers are protected. He also promised well-paying jobs and high-quality jobs with the aim of increasing American’s living standards and reduce poverty. After election into office, Donald has gone a long way into fulfilling his promises and ensuring Americans are well paid and working in decent jobs.

The Obama administration fought against poverty by pushing the Recovery Act. Five years down the line, Americans see an increase in job growth and a 5% drop in unemployment rates. Through the Act, Obama stimulated growth, provided aid to states and invested immensely in infrastructure. For instance, through saving the auto industry, the Obama administration saved at least two million jobs and kept an entire region out of severe depression. In 2015, the benefits of recovery were felt by most Americans with a massive decline in poverty rate due to the improvements in the labor market.

Despite the claims of pundits and policymakers, a majority of the poor people are employees, and their wages and salaries are their primary source of income. The problem arises where their salaries and wages are too low. It has been argued and supported that these people are full-time employees, but they don’t make enough to support a single person, much less a family. For individuals that heavily depend on salaries and wages, the Federal tipped minimum wage of $2.13 per hour, especially women and people of color, whose struggle has been harder.

The Congress had failed to offer a Federal minimum wage for a long time before Obama’s administration. Therefore, Obama heavily relied on an execution plan rather than enforcement. His first step was raising the minimum wage to $10.10 for all Federal contractors who work at poverty-level wages. In the process, some states also increased their minimum wages which meant that there would be an increase in salary and a decrease in low-wage employees. On employment, the US government has worked tirelessly to enforce and update Labor standards, end irregular scheduling, provide paid sick and family leave, and offer a sturdy safety net.

The support for social welfare programs by the American government has gone a long way in improving the lives of many poor Americans. Here, social support services refer to things such as food stamps, unemployment benefits, social security, and earned income tax credits (Kasperkevic, 2014). There have been people who have questioned the credibility of this services and whether they work or not. In an article by Kasperkevic, (2014) he explains that these social services have played a significant role in the reduction of poverty among American citizens.

Over the years, the US has embraced different approaches with the aim of reducing poverty in the nation and the efforts have been successful. The fights against poverty began with President Lyndon Johnson who declared a war against poverty. Later, other presidents that followed have used policies such as quality education for all, pushing for the Recovery Act, creating jobs and offering social support services. The efforts of the American government in the fight against poverty are evident.

References

Karnani, A. (2016). Fighting poverty together: rethinking strategies for business, governments, and civil society to reduce poverty. Springer.

Kneebone, E., & Holmes, N. (2016). Concentrated Poverty in the Wake of the Great Recession. Brookings.

Kasperkevic, J. (2014, November 12). Welfare programs shown to reduce poverty in America. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/money/us-money-blog/2014/nov/12/social-welfare-programs-food-stamps-reduce-poverty-america

Macartney, S., Bishaw, A., & Fontenot, K. (2015). Poverty rates for selected detailed race and Hispanic groups by state and place: 2007-2011. US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Amininistration, US Census Bureau, 2013.

McGuinn, P. (2016). From no child left behind to the every student succeeds act: Federalism and the education legacy of the Obama administration. Publius: The Journal of Federalism46(3), 392-415.

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