Free Essay On Democracy for Student

Introduction

Democracy is a system of government where the will of the people is the ultimate power. It was introduced to give ordinary people the ability to take part in determining who governs them. Over the years more and more countries have followed the democratization path in efforts to improve their links with other democratic countries. It is a practice that is highly recommended by most international organizations. Though it has real influence in most countries where it is practiced, several drawbacks amount from the method. Below is a discussion regarding what democracy entails, and its positive and negative impacts in countries where it is practiced.

Many sources define democracy as, ‘the government of the people, by the people, and for the people.’ Freedom in a country is realized through the use of an open mechanism of selecting leaders; a democratic nation should be characterized by free and fair elections. Ordinary people hold the ultimate power in a democratic country, and therefore should be allowed to actively participate in civic life and politics. A state that thrives in a democracy should prioritize the protection of human freedoms and rights. The rule of law is one of the crucial components of justice. In a democratic country, all individuals are treated equally under the law.

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Merits of Democracy

Democracy discards privileges of a class or group of men. In a democratic environment, only people with the right to vote are given the responsibility of leadership. Every voter in a country has the potential to lead others. In a democratic state, the administration is not limited to few groups or individuals. It gives ordinary people the freedom to choose their leaders and to serve as leaders. Democracy ensures that no individual is above others such as evident in other forms of government such as monarchy and anarchy. Democracy upholds the values of equality and liberty in states.

Democracy ensures that all people are treated as equals before the law. In a democratic country, rules are made by ordinary people through their representatives in the legislature. Laws made take into consideration the welfare of all people and not for those who belong to a particular class. The freedoms, interests, and rights of every citizen in a democratic country are highly and equally safeguarded. Resources in such a nation are similarly distributed because democracy stresses on equality of all persons. People in the three social classes are governed by the same set of rules and regulations. The law applies to all individuals irrespective of their influence in the society.

Democracy instills a sense of responsibility in all citizens within a country. Democracy gives ordinary people the right of belonging to a particular nation. It also gives them a chance to participate in its governance. The people are therefore compelled to take matters of governance upon themselves so that if anything goes wrong, the people will stand and question those they have put in positions of leadership. People feel indebted to oppose in any form of oppression that may arise in their country. People are given the right to speak up their minds and express their views about the governance or leadership in their country.

Demerits of Democracy

Democracy operates by the exceptional majority. As earlier mentioned democracy gives ordinary people the power to choose their leaders. Those who are preferred by the majority are regarded to be the elected leaders. However, in most countries, a high proportion of their population consists of illiterate or ignorant individuals who do not care about how the government is run. These people vote blindly and end up giving leadership positions to unqualified persons. The elite makes up the minorities in many countries, and their few numbers restrict them from determining those that assume positions of power.

Democracy proliferates inefficiency in governance. Most leaders in democratic countries focus more on creating political alliances rather than on development and administration. Administration in many democratic countries is run by bureaucrats, who have no obligation to the people. Since most of those that elect such leaders are ignorant individuals, they are sucked into the debates of political alliances thus paying less attention to the delivery of such leaders. It, therefore, becomes difficult to foster infrastructural, social, and economic development in many democratic countries. People neglect their responsibilities of keeping the government in check, making it hard for leaders to make any developments. Democracy, therefore, influences the ability of a country to foster expected growth.

Democracy encourages corruption. After elected leaders assume office, they embark on activities of forming new political parties and alliances. Leadership values and promises made to the people are forgotten. Developments are only instituted in regions that support ruling regimes, while others are neglected. The value of equality, which democracy upholds is overlooked. Most state jobs are given the favors, people in leadership positions use their influence to benefit those close to them and those who belong to their communities or support their political movements.

Democracy gives the people the power to govern themselves. Through democracy, equality is upheld, and the rule of law takes its course. However, democracy gives illiterate and ignorant individuals the power to lead others, and this contributes to inefficiency in governance and promotes corruption. Appropriate use of democracy is of great benefit to a country and its people.

References

Ankita, T. (2016). 13 valid demerits of democracy form of Government. Online [online]: http://www.preservearticles.com/201106248563/13-valid-demerits-of-democracy-form-of-government.html

Ankita, T. (2017). 13 most essential merits of democracy form of government. Online [available at]: http://www.preservearticles.com/201106248562/13-most-essential-merits-of-democracy-form-of-government.html

Campbell, D. F. (2008). The basic concept for the democracy ranking of the quality of democracy.

Ghiorgis, A. (2012). Principles of Democracy. Online [available at]: http://asmarino.com/articles/1442-principles-of-democracy

Democracy Essay Sample Outline

Thesis:

Democracy is a system of government where the will of the people is the ultimate power. Though it has a decisive influence in most countries where it is practiced, several drawbacks amount from the practice.

Body

Paragraph 1:

Democracy is, ‘the government of the people, by the people, and for the people.’

  • Free and fair elections characterize it.
  • A country that thrives in a democracy should prioritize the protection of human freedoms and rights.

Merits

Paragraph 2:

Democracy discards privileges of a class or group of men.

  • Ordinary people have the right to choose their leaders.
  • All voters are eligible for leadership positions.

Paragraph 3:

Democracy ensures that all people are treated as equals before the law.

  • Citizens make laws in a democratic country through their representatives.
  • All people regardless of their influence in the society are treated equally under the law.

Paragraph 4:

Democracy instills a sense of responsibility in all citizens within a country.

  • People take part in governing their country.
  • People rise against oppression and air their views on governance.

Demerits

Paragraph 5:

Democracy operates by an exceptional majority.

  • Illiterate persons and the ignorant, who make up the majority are given the power to choose leaders instead of the elites.
  • Leadership positions are given to irresponsible people.

Paragraph 6:

Democracy proliferates inefficiency in governance.

  • Most leaders in democratic countries focus more on creating political alliances rather than on development and administration. Administration in many democratic countries is run by bureaucrats, who have no obligation to the people.
  • Elected leaders do not foster development in their countries.

Paragraph 7:

Democracy encourages corruption.

  • Most leaders use their political influence to benefit those close to them.
  • Only supporters of a political regime benefit from an elected government.

Conclusion.

Democracy gives people the power to govern themselves. It allows them to make laws, which promote equality and fair treatment for all. However, it also encourages corruption and promotes inefficiency in governance. Appropriate use of democracy benefits both a country and its people.

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