PHI210 Week 11 Assignment Exam 2 Latest 2017 December

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Question 1

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Which of the following is MOST likely to be a sign of pseudoscience?

Question 2

While sitting in a parking lot after work, Brandon witnesses someone step around a garbage bag on the ground. This leads Brandon to question people’s reaction to litter. If Brandon were to conduct an investigation, which part of the investigation will he have already completed?

Question 3

A scientist is hired to do research for a tobacco company. Anyone reading the scientist’s conclusions should be aware that the scientist may be which of the following?

Question 4

While scientific explanations provide compelling evidence for claims and produce verifiable insights, they are also _________.

Question 5

Steven has to produce a survey for his class project due tomorrow, although he really wants to go to the local high school football game tonight with his father. Steven decides to hand out a survey at the gate of the football stadium which holds roughly 1,000 fans. The survey reads, “Do you prefer sport activities that focus on group achievement or individual achievements?” Which of the following explains why this question could lead to obtaining poor data?

Question 6

Which of the following is MOST likely to lead to bad decisions?

Question 7

Clinton graduated college with a bachelor’s degree in mathematics. While in school he turned down the option to stay an extra year and earn a master’s degree in engineering. Currently, Clinton is having a difficult time finding employment as a mathematician, while all of his engineering friends easily found jobs. What question is Clinton likely asking himself when reflecting upon his decision to not get the master’s degree, which has made it more difficult for him to find a job?

Question 8

Which of the following is something that can lead to making good decisions?

Question 9

Bryan is the manager of his company’s IT department. One morning a server cluster loses power. Bryan first checks the power supply, the power cables, the wall outlet, and finally the circuit breaker to find what caused the power outage. What did Bryan do?

Question 10

Wallace is having a frustrating day at work after his manager changes deadlines on him, leaves him out of the loop in an important email chain, and turns down his time-off request. In the middle of a meeting that afternoon, Wallace stands up, announces that he’s quitting, and walks out of the office. Which decision-making misstep did Wallace commit?

Question 11

What is sarcasm?

Question 12

“They saw the woman with the binoculars” is an example of which type of ambiguity?

Question 13

Which statement BEST describes the relationship between defining terms and clear thinking?

Question 14

Which list includes terms that are most often used as qualifiers or “weasel words”?

Question 15

A reader analyzes the four categories of meaning in order to do what?

Question 16

A bank states that its decision to offer home loans at an extremely low initial, but variable, rate is rooted in the idea that all have a right to owning an affordable home. The bank does not state that the loans are packaged in a product sold to another, larger bank that may or may not work with customers in difficult situations. The smaller bank is no longer exposed to the risk of longer-term loans, and makes a large profit. Which moral theory is the bank operating under?

Question 17

Which of the following MOST clearly illustrates a moral dilemma?

Question 18

How do excuses and justifications differ?

Question 19

Every day on his way to work, Frederic stops by a large chain hotel at which he is not staying, walks into the lobby, and helps himself to the continental breakfast. He believes this is the right thing to do because it saves him a lot of money and is very convenient. What ethical theory is he using to justify his actions?

Question 20

Which theory is characterized by doing what is best for others instead of oneself?

Question 21

Annie argues that reducing carbon emissions in the United States will take a toll on the economy far exceeding any potential environmental benefits. Leo responds by arguing that several Scandinavian countries produce less carbon than the United States. What fallacy is Leo committing?

Question 22

The two parts of an argument are _________ and _________.

Question 23

When considering learning more about the topic of stem cell research, the most appropriate website to visit is most likely to be _________.

Question 24

Which of the following statements uses “innuendo”?

Question 25

Which of the following is an irrelevant question to ask when evaluating a claim?

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