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Pro Euthanasia Essay
The modern world is defined by high technological advancements in the medical field. With such high technologies in medicine, the chances of people living longer lives are increasing each day. However, there are health conditions that have proven incurable even with such evident progress in medical technology. Most of these health conditions are terminal illnesses that subject patients to a lot of pain in their last days of life. Medics proposed the use of euthanasia to help end the suffering of patients with incurable terminal illnesses. However, the proposal has been met with numerous criticisms. This paper provides a discussion in support of death by euthanasia.
Euthanasia helps reduce the suffering of terminally ill patients. Patients suffering from such incurable terminal illnesses such as cancer experience lots of suffering in their last days of life. Most people suffering from these illnesses are enrolled in different pain and disease management interventions to alleviate their suffering (Strinic 4). Research shows that some of these interventions have body-altering implications that may lead to physical disabilities or immobility. With continued employment of such methods, patients suffer from more health complications and are therefore compelled to live within care facilities (Strinic 4). The critical problem with these interventions is that they are not meant to cure the illnesses that the patients suffer from but rather to manage their pain until natural death occurs. There are times when pain becomes unmanageable, particularly in the final stages of most terminal illnesses, implying that patients have to endure the pain until their last minute of life (Strinic 4). However, euthanasia can be used to cause painless death to such patients thus ending the prolonged suffering. There is little sense in letting someone continue facing excruciating pain when there is a way to make them die in dignity and save them from the harrowing experience.
Euthanasia also helps save a patient’s family the financial burden of catering for medical costs. Healthcare is one of the most expensive needs that most people face. The severity of a health condition translates in increased cost of medical care. The more the severity of a disease, the higher the cost of medical care. A high proportion of incurable terminal illnesses are very expensive to manage. The interventions that most terminally ill patients are enrolled to cost themselves and their families vast sums of money (Emanuel 10). The principal drawback with these interventions is that they are not a onetime thing, they have to be employed from time to time. People with life-threatening terminal illnesses are enrolled in daily or weekly pain and disease management interventions, and this translates to huge medical bills (Emanuel 10). Most of these patients are put under palliative or hospice care in their last days of life, and these care services contribute to increased medical expenses (Emanuel 10). To save the patients’ families from spending all their fortunes on medical expenses and interventions that will not cure their patients, it is appropriate to use euthanasia. It would be pointless to spend a huge amount of money and even run into debts trying to prolong the life of somebody who is known to be dying in the next few days.
Further, euthanasia enables terminally ill patients to have dignified deaths, as already mentioned above. A significant number of old age terminally ill patients are likely to suffer from mental disorders caused by other health complications (Pakhu 30). Such patients require full-time care and attention from their families or care providers. They are as well put on a variety of medications aimed at managing their mental conditions (Pakhu 30). Some of these mental conditions are so severe that they may push such patients into committing heinous crimes such as murder. Families and care providers of such patients are therefore tasked with the obligation of manning patients’ moves (Pakhu 30). However, there are times when such patients may feel bound by their family members or care providers, prompting them to commit suicide (Pakhu 30). To avoid such cases of undignified death, it is essential for terminal ill patients and their families to consider using euthanasia. It is a good way of accepting that the life of a loved one has come to an end and that continued living would only subject them to more suffering and take away their dignity.
Euthanasia also gives patients the freedom to choose when they should die. Without the choice of euthanasia, patients are compelled to endure pain and suffering until their last days of life (Goel 227). It is worth noting that terminally ill patients act as dependants owing to their bodily and financial incapability. Most of them have to be accorded 24-hour care by their family members, and this affects the ability of their family members to engage in economic undertakings (Goel 227). A high proportion of terminally ill patients cannot feed, bathe, and clothe themselves, implying that such chores have to be done by other people (Goel 227). Some patients feel that they should not subject their family members to such misery, and therefore should be given a choice to choose the time of their death when such severe health complications arise. They should be allowed the opportunity to relieve their families of the burden that comes with caring for them, knowing very well that they have no chance at recovering and living normal life again.
Another important benefit of euthanasia is that it helps alleviate a patient’s family from psychological and emotional suffering. There is nothing that is more traumatizing than watching one’s family member suffering in pain and yet there is nothing one can do. In this light, euthanasia gives relatives of a terminally ill patient the choice to allow their suffering family member to die a peaceful and painless death (Swarte 2). Through the procedure, family members will not watch as their loved suffers in agony, and this will save them the psychological torture that results from such experiences.
In conclusion thus, euthanasia is a moral medical procedure that should be legalized by all states. It helps save terminally ill patients from endless suffering. It also gives the patients a chance to choose their time of death, and die with dignity. Family members of terminally ill patients are as well able to save finances that would have otherwise been used for medical expenses. Euthanasia additionally saves a patient’s family members from experiencing psychological torture over watching their loved one suffer in pain. The procedure should therefore be legal owing to its benefits as discussed above.
Emanuel, Ezekiel J. “What is the great benefit of legalizing euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide?.” Ethics 109.3 (1999): 629-642.
Goel, Vaibhav. “Euthanasia a dignified end of life!.” International NGO Journal 3.12 (2008): 224-231.
Pakhu, Joseph. Debate on euthanasia: pros and cons. Diss. 2015.
Strinic, Visnja. “Arguments in support and against euthanasia.” (2015).
Swarte, Nikkie B., et al. “Effects of euthanasia on the bereaved family and friends: a cross sectional study.” BMJ 327.7408 (2003): 189.
Arguments for Euthanasia Essay Outline
Thesis: Euthanasia helps save terminally ill patients from prolonged agony and suffering. The practice has received massive criticism over its morality, but why should it be upheld.
Euthanasia helps alleviate pain and suffering from terminally ill patients.
- A high proportion of terminal illnesses are incurable.
- Disease and pain management does not amount to the treatment of a terminal illness.
- Some interventions could aggravate pain in terminally ill patients.
Euthanasia saves the families of terminally ill patients’ from spending all their fortunes on medical expenses.
- Pain and disease management of terminal illnesses amount to very high medical costs.
- In spite of how many medical expenses are incurred terminally ill patients will still die.
Euthanasia enables terminally ill patients to have dignified deaths.
- Some terminal illnesses may prompt patients to commit suicide or endanger themselves thus dying in very tragic ways.
Euthanasia gives patients the freedom to choose when they should die.
- Euthanasia gives patients the chance to end their lives when pain becomes unmanageable.
- Some terminally ill patients prefer to die rather than remain dependent on their families.
Euthanasia helps alleviate a patient’s family from psychological and emotional suffering.
- Some family members of terminally ill patients suffer emotionally and psychologically for watching their loved ones suffer in pain.
- Euthanasia reduces the period that family members have to watch their loved one suffer.
Euthanasia is a morally acceptable practice. It has numerous benefits for terminally ill patients and their families. Some of its benefits entail alleviating pain and suffering on terminally ill patients and giving patients a choice to choose how and when to die. It also helps save the patient’s family from spending their fortunes on medical bills.