HARPER SOC101 Chapter 10 Exam Latest 2019 MAY
SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology
Chapter 10 Exam
1: As a result of economic restructuring, average wages have __________ since the 1970s.
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2: Remington is involved in the Occupy Wall Street movement. He camped out for weeks at a park opposite the statehouse in Columbus, Ohio, and was eventually arrested. Remington, like other protestors, has many concerns about his economic condition, but he likely joined the movement to protest __________.
Answer; The disparity in income and wealth between the top 1 percent of Americans and everyone else
3: Before retirement, most people get most or all of their income from __________.
Answer; their jobs
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4: Lana, a single woman with no dependents, is unable to afford basic necessities, such as housing and healthcare. What type of poverty is she experiencing?
Answer; absolute poverty
5: A group of friends are discussing their salaries. Among them they earn the following per year: $40,000, $50,000, $65,000, $68,000, and $75,000. What is the median salary among this group of friends?
6: According to Forbes magazine, in 2014, the richest individual in the world was __________.
7: Because there are no obvious ways of determining how much opportunity individuals really have, social scientists measure it indirectly by examining __________.
Answer; Social mobility
8: Who theorized that the critical divisions between classes were the result of the economic system?
A. Max Weber
B. Ralf Dahrendorf
C. Emile Durkheim
D. Karl Marx
Answer; D. Karl Marx
9: Kenneth lives in a low-income, high-crime neighborhood. His home is poorly ventilated, which triggers asthma attacks. As a result of these stressors, he has high blood pressure. How would sociologists describe Kenneth’s cognitive development?
Answer; as compromised
10: Under feudalism, the laborers who were obligated to work for landowners were called __________.
11: Why is it difficult to get an accurate count of the homeless?
Answer; Many of the homeless may temporarily live with friends and family.
12: The majority of minimum-wage employees are __________.
13: __________ had the fewest opportunities for social inequality to emerge.
Answer; Hunting an gathering societies
14: The primary way in which most Americans with modest incomes accumulate wealth is through __________.
a. retirement accounts
c. home ownership
d. net financial assets
Answer; c. home ownership
15: A sociologist would most likely conclude what about homeless individuals?
Answer; The homeless live in absolute poverty.
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