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PHI 208 Week 4 quiz (all correct)

Question 1.                 In The Emperor’s Club, what best describes the teacher’s (Kevin Kline) response to his student’s (Emile Hirsch) admission of cheating?

He hugged him and thanked him for being honest.

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  He threatened to turn him in and have him punished.

  He challenged him to regard virtue and character as more important than success alone.

He reminded him that it is against school policy to cheat, and thus that he erred by breaking the school’s rules.

                        

 

Question 2.                 According to the scene from The Bridge on the River Kwai, what is the ultimate reason Colonel Nicholson (Alec Guinness) insists that the soldiers work hard to build the best bridge possible:

Because even in captivity, they know that God is watching them.

So that the British forces will be able to fight the Japanese more effectively.

Because the better the bridge, the more benefit they will receive and less punishment they will endure from their captors.

Because it is an expression of the strength and dignity of a soldier even in captivity.

 

            

Question 3.                 According to Thomas Hill’s account of environmental ethics, a person might show a lack of virtue when they:

fail to realize that human needs and interests are worthless and unimportant.

fail find any aesthetic value in nature.

  fail to recognize the rights of nonsentient beings.

  All of the above. 

 

            

Question 4.                 Aristotle conceives of a virtue as:

                                       a rule that tells you what the right action is.

                                        a state of character that enables practically wise choices.

                                       a positive self-image.

                                       a way to gain as much pleasure as possible.

 

 

Question 5.                 Robinson agrees with Aquinas’ idea that

  @The answer can be found on p. 265 of Robinson’s article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues”

                                       Honor is a subjective quality

                                       Honor is secondary to integrity

                                        Honor must be displayed in action

                                       Honor is secondary to magnanimity

                                       None of the above

 

Question 6.                 Aristotle claims that the function of human life is:

                                       survival and reproduction.

                                       service to the gods.

                                        rational activity.

                                       to pursue pleasure.

 

            

Question 7.                 In his discussion of virtue and honor in the military, what does Robinson consider to be the relation between integrity and magnanimity?

They both should be pursued to the greatest extent possible.

  The inner honor of integrity should always take priority over the outer honors associated with magnanimity.

Finding a suitable balance between the two helps prevent the excesses of each on its own.

The prospect of honors from one’s peers is the only realistic motivation for a soldier to act virtuously.

None of the above.

 

 

Question 8.                 According to Aristotle, we should begin ethical inquiry by specifying:

which things are intrinsically valuable.

  the ultimate aim of all that we do.

  what our fundamental duties are.

  what constraints on behavior it would be reasonable to agree to.

 

 

Question 9.                 Robinson argues that honor

  @The answer can be found on p. 264 of Robinson’s article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues”

                                       Encourages restraint in warfare

                                       Encourages heroism in warfare

                                       Encourages the waging of war

                                       Encourages abuse in warfare

                                        All of the above

 

 

Question 10.               Most definitions of honor regard it as having the following two elements:

@The answer can be found on p 259 of Robinson’s article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues”

                                        Internal and external

                                       Subjective and personal

                                       Constructive and deductive

                                       Military and civilian

                                       None of the above

 

 

 

Question 11.               In Hill’s example, what did the wealthy eccentric man do to his yard after he bought a new house?

                                       cut down an avocado tree

                                       covered the yard with asphalt

                                       remodeled the kitchen

                                        1 and 2

 

 

Question 12.               Hill would claim that a lack of aesthetic perception

might indicate an inability to appreciate the true value of things in general.

might indicate that the person simply has a different set of subjective tastes.

  might indicate that one lacks a precise philosophical account of the beautiful.

might indicate an inability to express proper self-deception.

 

Question 13.               Hill refers to the ability to understand oneself, to face oneself, and to be honest about the kind of creature one is by this term:

                                       Self-love

                                       Humility

                                        Self-acceptance

                                       Relational harmony

 

 

Question 14.               Robinson describes integrity as a virtue that has the

  @The answer can be found on p. 263 of Robinson’s article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues”

 

                                       Excess such as arrogance and deficiencies such as weakness of  will

                                       Excess such as generosity and deficiencies such as weakness of will

                                       Excess such as arrogance and deficiencies such as weakness of pleasure

                                       Excess such as generosity and deficiencies such as weakness of pleasure

                                        None of the above

 

Question 15.               According to Robinson, a person who has integrity is someone who:

@The answer can be found on p. 261 of Robinson’s article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues”

                                       Does what is right, only if it is approved of by others

                                        Does what is right, even when it is disapproved of by others

                                       Does what is right, only when commanded to do so

                                       Does what is right, unless they are commanded to do otherwise

                                       None of the above

 

Question 16.               Hill would agree most with which of the following statements?

                                       Plants have rights that grant them certain ethical merit.

                                       Plants should not be harmed because of their use value to humans.

                                        Plants do not have rights.

                                       Plants have the same rights as animals.

 

Question 17.               Robinson describes magnanimity and integrity as both primarily concerned with what?

                                        Honor

                                       Wealth

                                       Courage

                                       Generosity

 

Question 18.               Hill uses this technique in the middle of the article to examine ideas about the human’s place within nature:

He presents specific factual examples that demonstrate harm to the environment.

  He presents a fictional example of a perfect island.

He asks the reader to imagine a specific world that contained inherent worth.

He creates a dialogue between an environmentalist and anti-environmentalist.

            

  Question 19.              In what way would Hill’s notion of “self-acceptance” correspond to Aristotle’s conception of eudaimonia?

 

They both are inherently selfish and contrary to virtue.

They both require the virtues of arrogance and pride.

Neither has anything to do with ethics.

  They both involve acknowledging that we are the sorts of creatures we are.

 

Question 20.               In Aristotle’s view, the virtues are:

                                        acquired through habit.

                                       acquired through philosophical reflection.

                                       a gift from the gods.

                                       something we are either born with or not.

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