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Sample Essay on Same Sex Marriage

Same sex marriage essay – Changing Attitudes on Gay Marriage. Discuss how the idea of gay marriage has changed over the last decade and show the progression of the movement.

Changing Attitudes on Gay Marriage

In the early years, gay marriage was an abomination and received criticisms from many members of the society. The principal reasons as to why many people in the community were objected to gay marriage are it went against religious and societal values and teachings (Decoo, 2014). However, over the past three decades, the perception of the society towards gay marriage has changed. The degree of social tolerance and acceptance of same-sex marriage has gradually improved. In the years of 2000s, numerous social and political lobby groups pushed for change in insolences towards gay marriage (Decoo, 2014). Though these lobby groups have tried to advocate for the rights of gay people, their principal focus was to change people’s attitudes towards homosexuality.

According to a study conducted in the year 1965 investigating the attitudes of Americans towards gay marriage, seventy percent of Americans were opposed to the idea of same-sex marriage citing its harmfulness to the American life (Decoo, 2014). Most Americans felt that gay marriage went against the social and moral values of the American society. In the years between 1975 and 1977, the number of Americans who were not objected to gay marriage increased (Decoo, 2014). However, this number decreased in the years of 1980, when the prevalence of AIDS among gay people hit alarming levels. In the years that followed the attitudes of the society towards gay marriage rapidly changed.

The rise of gay social movements has contributed significantly to changing the attitude of the society towards gay marriage (Keleher & Smith, 2018). In the early years, people were not exposed to issues of same-sex marriage, but the gay social movements focused on increasing the exposure of gay marriage, while advocating for their equal treatment (Keleher & Smith, 2018). These movements were able to reveal the injustices and unfair treatment that the gay people are exposed to, and how such unfair treatment tarnishes the image of the society (Keleher & Smith, 2018). The movements persuaded the members of the community to embark on ways of addressing injustices meted on gay people. Through highlighting the crimes subjected to gay people, members of the society identified the needs that needed to be eradicated and reformed to bring about impartiality and non-discrimination.

Political movements in support of gay marriage have as well contributed to change the attitude of the society towards gay marriage (Demock, Doherty & Killey, 2013). One of the strategies that gay social movements employed in their advocacy for gay rights were political maneuvering (Demock, Doherty & Killey, 2013). The lobby groups approached aspiring politicians, who would advocate for equal rights of gay people to garner political mileage. With time politicians would use the subject of gay marriage opponents to attack their opposers (Demock, Doherty & Killey, 2013). Increased political support of gay marriage influenced members of the society into changing their attitude towards same-sex marriage.

The incidence of gay people, particularly in the United States has contributed to change in the attitude of the society towards gay marriage (Demock, Doherty & Killey, 2013). As the number of gay people increased in the US, it became hard for members of the society to continue objecting the way of life (Demock, Doherty & Killey, 2013). Many families had at least one or more of their family members who would turn out to be gay. Their perception of gay people would, therefore, change upon learning that their loved ones were also gay (Demock, Doherty & Killey, 2013). The media played a significant role in gathering compassion from the members of the society by portraying the injustices that gay people experienced (Demock, Doherty & Killey, 2013). Members of the community would, therefore, be compelled to sympathize with gay people and thus change their stance on same-sex marriage.

The judiciary has as well contributed to change in the attitude of the society towards gay marriage (Coontz, 2014). There were countries in the US that used to oppose gay marriages, prompting gay people to file discrimination lawsuits (Coontz, 2014). Reports indicate that in the year 2014 there were more than 42 court rulings that ruled in favor of same-sex marriage (Coontz, 2014). Some critics of same-sex marriage termed these rulings as judicial activism. They argued that the judiciary was frustrating the will of the American society, which was opposed to same-sex marriage (Coontz, 2014). Following these rulings and the increased advocacy for equality and fair treatment of gay people in some countries implemented policies is support of same-sex marriage (Coontz, 2014). Today, there are more than 30 states with systems in favor of gay marriage.

The increased push for the freedom of marriage has also contributed to changing the attitude on gay marriage (Coontz, 2014). In the early years, there were countries, especially in the United States that opposed interracial marriages, so that a white could not marry an African American person (Coontz, 2014). In the years before 1967, there were countries that restricted people with tuberculosis or prisoners from getting married. Some states also discouraged employers from hiring married women. However, in 1987 the Supreme Court ruled that state governments had no right to deny people of their freedom of marriage (Coontz, 2014). When such laws were regarding as violations of human rights, gay people also termed the restriction of same-sex marriage as a violation of their liberty and freedom to marry.

Gay marriage has been the subject of social, political and religious debates for many years but over the past two decades, the attitude of the society towards same-sex marriage has changed. Social gay movements and increased incidence of gay people has compelled the community to accept and tolerate gay marriages. The judiciary has as well contributed to this change in attitude by pushing the freedom and right to marriage.

References

Decoo, E. (2014). Changing attitudes toward homosexuality in the United States from 1977 to 2012.

Coontz, S. (2014). Why America changed its mind on gay marriageable. Online [available at]: http://edition.cnn.com/2014/10/13/opinion/coontz-same-sex-marriage/index.html

Dimock, M., Doherty, C., & Kiley, J. (2013). Growing support for gay marriage: Changed minds and changing demographics. Gen10, 1965-1980.

Keleher, A. G., & Smith, E. (2008, August). Explaining the growing support for gay and lesbian equality since 1990. In annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, MA.

Changing Attitudes on Same Sex Marriage Essay Outline

Thesis:

Gay marriage was regarded as an abomination in the early years, but in recent times the attitude of the society towards same-sex marriage is gradually changing.

Body

Paragraph 1:

In 1965, 70% of Americans were opposed to same-sex marriage.

  • They cited its harmfulness to the American life.
  • Prevalence of AIDS among gay people further increased this opposition.

Paragraph 2:

Social gay movements contributed to change in the attitude of the society towards gay marriage.

  • Gay movements increased the exposure of members of the society to gay marriage while showing their sufferings.
  • Through social movements, the society saw the need for equality and fair treatment of gay persons.

Paragraph 3:

Political movements in support of gay marriage have as well contributed to change in the attitude of the society towards gay marriage.

  • Political bodies and politicians pushed for equality of gay people in efforts to garner political mileage.
  • The influence of politicians changed the attitude of the society towards gay marriage.

Paragraph 4:

The incidence of gay people, particularly in the United States has contributed to change in the attitude of the society towards gay marriage.

  • Increase in the number of gay persons pushed people into accepting gay marriage.
  • The media contributed in gathering compassion from members of the society by evidencing the sufferings of gay people.

Paragraph 5:

The judiciary upheld the legitimacy of same-sex marriage.

  • In 2014, 42 court rulings were made in favor of gay marriage.
  • There are more than 30 states today with policies in support of same-sex marriage.

Paragraph 6:

The increased push for the freedom of marriage contributed to changing the attitude on gay marriage.

  • The Supreme Court ruling in 1987 that stopped governments from restricting the freedom of marriage worked in favor of same-sex marriage.

Conclusion:

Gay marriage has been the subject of social, political and religious debates for many years but over the past two decades, the attitude of the society towards same-sex marriage has changed. Social gay movements and increased incidence of gay people has compelled the community to accept and tolerate gay marriages. The judiciary has as well contributed to this change in attitude by pushing the freedom and right to marriage.

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