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Argumentative Essay on Same Sex Marriage
For many years now, same-sex marriage has been a controversial topic. While some countries have legalized the practice, others still consider it not right and treat it as illegal. Same-sex marriage is defined as a marriage or union between two people of the same sex, such as a man and a man. Some countries have broadened their perspective on this issue even though for many years, it has never been legally acknowledged, with some societies even considering it a taboo. The United Kingdom, Spain, France, Argentina, the Netherlands, and recently the United States are some of the countries that have legalized it (Winter, Forest & Senac, 2017). Irrespective of any arguments, same-sex marriage should be legal because it is a fundamental human right.
First, same-sex marriage, if recognized by society, provides legal rights protection to same sex couples on such matters as taxes, finances, and health care. If people live together in a homosexual relationship without being legally married, they do not enjoy the security to protect what they have worked for and saved together. In case one of them dies, the surviving partner would have no right over the property under the deceased’s name even if they both funded its acquisition (Winter, Forest & Senac, 2017). Legalizing same-sex unions would cushion homosexual partners from such unfortunate situations. They would have the right to become heirs to their spouses and enjoy tax breaks just like heterosexual married couples. Legalization would also make it possible for them to purchase properties together, open joint accounts, and sign documents together as couples.
Same sex marriage also allows two people in love to become one in a matrimonial union and live happily together. Denying homosexual couples the right to marry is thus denying them the right to be in love just like heterosexuals do. Moreover, the definition of marriage does not suggest that it should only be an exclusive union between two people of opposite sexes. According to Gerstmann (2017), marriage is a formally or legally recognized union between two people in a personal relationship. As per this definition, people should be allowed to marry once they are in love with each other irrespective of their genders. Reducing marriage to a union between a man and woman is thus a direct infringement into the rights of homosexuals.
Additionally, gay marriages give homosexual couples the right to start families. Just like heterosexual couples, gay and lesbian partners should be allowed to start families and have their own children. Essentially, a family should ideally have parents and children and it is not necessary that the parents be a male and female. Same sex partners can easily adopt and bring up children if their marriage is legalized and recognized by the society in which they live (Gerstmann, 2017). As one would concur, even some heterosexual couples are not able to sire their own children and resort to adopting one or even more. This is a right that should be extended to same sex couples too given that they may not be able to give birth on their own.
Further, same sex marriage does no harm whatsoever to the institution of marriage, and is potentially more stable. According to a 2009 study, legalization of civil unions or gay marriages does not in any way negatively impact abortion rates, divorce, or marriage (Langbein & Yost, 2009). This makes it quite uncalled for to argue against or prohibit gay marriages. In yet another study, only 1.1 percent of legally married gay couples end their relationships as compared to the 2 percent annual divorce rate among opposite-sex couples (Badgett & Herman, 2011). This implies that heterosexual marriages have a slightly higher dissolution rate on average than opposite sex marriages. It could then be argued that gay marriages are more stable than traditional man-woman marriages. The two types of marriages should thus be given equal chance because neither affects the other negatively. They also have more or less equal chances of succeeding if legally recognized and accepted.
Opponents of same sex marriage may argue that it is important for children to have a father and a mother. They may say that for children to have a good balance in their upbringing, they should be influenced by a father and a mother in their developmental years. Such arguments hold that homosexual couples only have one gender influence over the lives of children and that this is less fulfilling (Badgett, 2009). However, the arguments fail to recognize that children under the parental care of same sex couples get to mingle with both male and female genders in various social places. At school, the children get to be cared for and mentored by both male and female teachers who more or less serve almost the same role as parents.
Those who are opposed to same sex unions may also argue that such marriages reduce sanctity of marriage. To them, marriage is a religious and traditional commitment and ceremony that is held very sacred by people. They contend that there is need to do everything possible to preserve marriage because as an institution, it has been degrading slowly over time. Their concern is that traditional marriages are being devalued by same sex marriages which are swaying people away from being married and instead choosing to live with same sex partners (Nagle, 2010). It is clear here that such arguments treat marriage as a man-woman union only and are thus not cognizant of the true meaning of marriage. Moreover, they fail to recognize that traditions and religions should not be used against same sex couples because there are people who do not ascribe to any tradition(s) or religions.
Same sex marriage is a human right that should be enjoyed just like traditional heterosexual marriages. It protects the legal rights of lesbian and gay couples and allows them the well-deserved opportunity of actualizing their love in matrimony. In addition, it enables them to exercise their right to start families and bring up children. Arguments made against this form of marriage, such as that it undermines traditional marriages, are based on opinions and not facts. Moreover, it is not important for a child to have a father and a mother because there are other places in which they actively interact with people of different sexes. As such, it is only fair that all governments consider legalizing gay marriages.
Badgett, M. V., & Herman, J. L. (2011). Patterns of relationship recognition by same-sex couples in the United States [PDF]. The Williams Institute. Retrieved from https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/Marriage-Dissolution-FINAL.pdf.
Badgett, M. V. (2009). When gay people get married: what happens when societies legalize same-sex marriage. New York, NY: NYU Press.
Gerstmann, E. (2017). Same-sex marriage and the constitution. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Langbein, L., & Yost, M. A. (2009). Same-sex marriage and negative externalities. Social Science Quarterly, 90(2), 292-308.
Nagle, J. (2010). Same-sex marriage: the debate. New York, NY: The Rosen Publishing Group.
Winter, B., Forest, M., & Senac, R. (2017). Global perspectives on same-sex marriage: a neo-institutional approach. New York, NY: Springer.
Gay Marriages Argumentative Essay Outline
Same-sex marriage should be legal because it is a fundamental human right.
Same-sex marriage provides legal rights protection to same sex couples on such matters as taxes, finances, and health care.
- It gives them the right to become heirs to their spouses and enjoy tax breaks just like heterosexual married couples.
- It makes it possible for them to purchase properties together, open joint accounts, and sign documents together as couples.
Same sex marriage allows two people in love to happily live together.
- Homosexuals deserve to be in love just like heterosexuals.
- The definition of marriage does not suggest that it should only be an exclusive union between two people of opposite sexes.
Same sex marriage gives homosexual couples the right to start families.
- Gay and lesbian partners should be allowed to start families and have their own children.
- A family should ideally have parents and children.
- It is not necessary that the parents be a male and female.
Same sex marriage does not harm the institution of marriage and is potentially more stable.
- Legalization of civil unions or gay marriages does not negatively impact abortion rates, divorce, or marriage.
- Heterosexual marriages have a slightly higher dissolution rate on average than opposite sex marriages.
Opponents of same sex marriage may argue that it is important for children to have a father and mother for a balanced upbringing.
- They hold that homosexual couples only have one gender influence on children.
- They forget that that children under the parental care of same sex couples get to mingle with both male and female genders in various social places.
Opponents may also argue that same-sex marriages reduce sanctity of marriage.
- To them, marriage is a religious and traditional commitment and ceremony.
- Unfortunately, such arguments treat marriage as a man-wife union only.
- They fail to recognize that there are people who do not ascribe to any tradition(s) or religions.
- Same sex marriage is a human right that should be enjoyed just like traditional heterosexual marriages.
- It protects the legal rights of lesbian and gay couples and allows them to actualize their love in matrimony.
- It enables them to exercise their right to start families and bring up children.
- It is only fair that all governments consider legalizing same sex marriages.